Are Geckos Lizards? Uncover Fascinating Secrets About These Reptiles

Imagine a world where tiny creatures with extraordinary abilities roam under the cover of darkness.

They possess enchanting toe pads that allow them to effortlessly scale walls and blend seamlessly into their surroundings.

These mysterious creatures, known as geckos, are not just any ordinary lizards.

With over 1,000 unique species scattered across the globe, they are nothing short of nature’s captivating acrobats.

But are geckos truly lizards, or do they possess otherworldly qualities that set them apart?

Let’s embark on a journey of exploration and unravel the fascinating secrets of these mesmerizing creatures.

are geckos lizards

Yes, geckos are lizards.

They are a suborder of lizards with over 1,000 species.

Geckos have a short stout body, a large head, and well-developed limbs with adhesive pads on the ends of their digits.

They primarily feed on insects and are found in warm areas worldwide, except Antarctica.

Geckos belong to the infraorder Gekkota and are known for their unique characteristics such as specialized toe pads for climbing and vocalizations.

They have a clear protective covering over their eyes and vertical or lobed pupils.

Geckos also possess the ability to shed their skin regularly and have adhesive toe pads that allow them to stick to surfaces without the use of liquids or surface tension.

Key Points:

  • Geckos are a suborder of lizards, with over 1,000 different species.
  • They have a short stout body, large head, and developed limbs with adhesive pads on their digits.
  • Geckos primarily eat insects and are found in warm areas worldwide, except Antarctica.
  • They belong to the infraorder Gekkota and have unique characteristics like specialized toe pads for climbing and vocalizations.
  • Geckos have a protective covering over their eyes and vertical or lobed pupils.
  • They can shed their skin regularly and have adhesive toe pads that allow them to stick to surfaces without liquids or surface tension.


Did You Know?

1. Despite being classified as lizards, geckos have evolved to have unique characteristics that set them apart from other lizard species. One fascinating feature is their ability to climb smooth surfaces, including glass, upside down, due to specialized setae on their toes.

2. Did you know that geckos possess the remarkable ability to communicate using visual cues? Aside from vocalizations, tail movements, and body posturing, geckos also use their eyes to convey messages to potential mates or rivals. They perform a series of head movements, accompanied by eye-blinking and eyebrow raising, to express dominance, submission, or courtship intentions.

3. In some parts of the world, geckos are believed to bring good luck or ward off evil spirits. This belief is particularly strong in Southeast Asia, where geckos are considered symbols of prosperity, fertility, and protection. Consequently, you may find decorative gecko motifs in homes and businesses as a symbol of fortune and harmony.

4. Geckos are well-known for their vocalizations, particularly the iconic “gecko” call heard in tropical regions during the night. However, this sound is not produced by all gecko species. In fact, only male geckos of certain species have the ability to produce vocalizations to attract females, ward off rivals, or establish territory boundaries.

5. Geckos are not solely restricted to land. Some gecko species have adapted to an aquatic lifestyle and are skilled swimmers. For instance, the Australian waterfall gecko (Pseudogekko brevipes) is equipped with webbed feet, allowing it to navigate waterfalls and rocky streams with ease. These aquatic geckos are not only capable of swimming but are also known to dive and hold their breath underwater for short periods.

Introduction: Geckos As A Suborder Of Lizards

Geckos, a fascinating group of reptiles, belong to the suborder Gekkota within the broader classification of lizards. They are often recognized for their unique physical attributes and diverse behavior. With over 1,000 known species, geckos can be found inhabiting warm climates all over the world, excluding the cold regions of Antarctica.

In this article, we will delve into the intriguing world of geckos, exploring their:

  • Physical characteristics
  • Feeding habits
  • Habitat preferences
  • Classification
  • Behaviors and adaptations
  • Reproductive traits
  • Range and distribution

Prepare to uncover the captivating secrets of these remarkable reptiles.

“The more you learn about geckos, the more amazed you’ll be by their incredible diversity and evolutionary history.”

Physical Characteristics Of Geckos

Geckos possess a distinctive set of physical characteristics that distinguish them from other lizards. With their short, sturdily-built bodies and large heads, geckos exhibit a unique appearance. Well-developed limbs with extraordinary adaptations enable geckos to navigate their surroundings with ease.

Their digits are equipped with adhesive pads that allow them to climb vertical and smooth surfaces effortlessly. Additionally, geckos have soft skin, lacking scales, but instead featuring a papillose surface with hair-like protuberances. This peculiar skin structure not only aids in climbing but also offers superhydrophobicity and antimicrobial action.

Furthermore, geckos possess a clear protective covering over their eyes and distinctive pupils that can either be vertical or lobed.

  • Distinctive physical characteristics
  • Short, sturdily-built bodies
  • Large heads

  • Adaptive limbs

  • Equipped with adhesive pads
  • Enables climbing vertical and smooth surfaces with ease

  • Unique skin structure

  • Soft skin with papillose surface
  • Hair-like protuberances
  • Offers climbing aid, superhydrophobicity, and antimicrobial action

  • Distinctive eye features

  • Clear protective covering over the eyes
  • Pupils can be vertical or lobed

“Geckos possess a distinctive set of physical characteristics that distinguish them from other lizards.”

Feeding Habits And Habitat Of Geckos

Geckos are valuable allies in controlling insect populations in their native habitats as they primarily feed on insects. Their small size and nocturnal nature complement their insectivorous diet, enabling them to effectively hunt and consume their prey. Geckos are commonly found in human habitations where they feed on insect pests, making them welcome visitors in many households worldwide.

Geckos have varied habitat preferences and can be found in warm regions across the globe, including tropical rainforests, deserts, and savannahs. While most geckos are nocturnal, there are some species that are diurnal and active during the day, allowing them to adapt to different ecological niches.

Classification Of Geckos

Geckos belong to the suborder Gekkota, which is further divided into six families:

  • Carphodactylidae
  • Diplodactylidae
  • Eublepharidae
  • Gekkonidae
  • Phyllodactylidae
  • Sphaerodactylidae

Each family encompasses various species that exhibit unique characteristics and adaptations while sharing common traits that define them as geckos. Among them, the Gekkonidae family is the most diverse, housing a substantial number of gecko species.

Notably, the tokay gecko (Gekko gecko) holds the title of being the largest gecko species, growing up to 25-35 cm (10-14 inches) in length. On the other hand, the Jaragua sphaero, measuring a mere 16 millimeters, takes the crown as the smallest gecko species.

  • Gekkota suborder includes six families:
  • Carphodactylidae
  • Diplodactylidae
  • Eublepharidae
  • Gekkonidae
  • Phyllodactylidae
  • Sphaerodactylidae

“The tokay gecko (Gekko gecko) is the largest gecko species, reaching a length of 25-35 cm (10-14 inches).”

Behaviors And Adaptations Of Geckos

Geckos demonstrate a variety of behaviors and adaptations that contribute to their survival and success in their ecosystems. One particularly notable feature of geckos is their specialized toe pads, which are equipped with thousands of hair-like setae. These setae possess spatulae at their tips, enabling geckos to adhere to surfaces through electrostatic interaction. This unique ability allows geckos to effortlessly climb vertical and smooth surfaces, defying gravity with ease. Additionally, geckos have developed interesting vocalizations that differ among species. Many geckos employ chirping or clicking sounds to enhance social interactions and communication within their communities.

Geckos’ Reproduction And Parenting Traits

When it comes to reproduction, geckos exhibit diverse strategies. Most geckos lay their eggs beneath tree bark or attach them to the underside of leaves, ensuring the safety and protection of their offspring. However, a few gecko species in New Zealand have evolved the ability to give birth to live young. Additionally, some geckos have been observed practicing obligate parthenogenesis, a reproductive system in which females can produce offspring without mating. These various reproductive techniques showcase the adaptability and versatility of geckos as a suborder of lizards.

Geckos’ Range And Distribution

Geckos are fascinating creatures that inhabit warm areas around the world, excluding the frigid regions of Antarctica. They can be found in a variety of habitats, ranging from lush rainforests to dry and arid deserts. One interesting aspect of geckos is their ability to adapt to human environments, often seeking shelter in houses and buildings. This behavior is beneficial to humans, as geckos help control insect populations that coexist with us. It is worth noting that geckos have become an integral part of folklore and cultural beliefs in many societies.

  • Geckos are found in warm areas worldwide, except Antarctica.
  • They inhabit diverse habitats such as rainforests and deserts.
  • Geckos often seek shelter in human habitations.
  • They help control insect populations in houses and buildings.
  • Geckos have cultural significance in folklore and beliefs.

“Geckos are fascinating creatures that form a beneficial relationship with humans, feasting on insects while becoming part of our cultural heritage.”

Evolutionary History And Diversity Of Geckos

The evolutionary history of geckos stretches back millions of years, with early relatives of geckos appearing in the Late Jurassic period. The oldest known fossils of modern geckos date back approximately 100 million years. These fossils provide valuable insights into the ancient lineage and adaptations that have shaped geckos over time. Currently, there are over 1,850 recognized gecko species worldwide. This incredible diversity showcases the remarkable ability of geckos to adapt to various environments and niches.

Geckos are undoubtedly a captivating suborder of lizards that present a plethora of unique features and adaptations. Their physical characteristics, feeding habits, habitat preferences, classification, behaviors, and reproductive traits all contribute to their success and enable them to thrive in diverse ecosystems. Geckos’ range and distribution cover warm regions worldwide, from rainforests to human habitations. Their evolutionary history and remarkable diversity further solidify their significance as an intriguing group of reptiles worthy of admiration and study. Through ongoing research and exploration, we continue to uncover the fascinating secrets of geckos and their place in the natural world.


1. What are the key distinctions between geckos and other types of lizards?

Geckos are a type of lizard that have some key distinctions from other types of lizards. One of the most notable differences is their unique toe pads that allow them to climb vertical surfaces and even walk on ceilings. These toe pads are covered in microscopic hairs called setae that create a strong adhesive force, enabling geckos to stick to various surfaces. This adaptation is not present in most other types of lizards, giving geckos their exceptional climbing ability.

Another distinction is the absence of eyelids in geckos. Instead, they have a transparent membrane, known as a spectacle, that covers and protects their eyes. This spectacle can be moved independently from their eyes, providing continuous protection and allowing geckos to see in multiple directions without obstruction. In contrast, most other lizards have movable eyelids.

In summary, geckos stand out from other types of lizards due to their ability to climb vertical surfaces thanks to their unique toe pads and the absence of eyelids, which are replaced with a transparent spectacle.

2. How do geckos’ scaled skin and tail structure differentiate them from other lizards?

Geckos possess scaled skin and a unique tail structure that sets them apart from other lizards. Their skin is covered in small, microscopic structures called setae, which enable them to cling to surfaces through a phenomenon called van der Waals forces. These setae create an adhesive effect, allowing geckos to effortlessly climb vertical and even inverted surfaces. This scaling is absent in most other lizards, giving geckos a distinctive advantage in terms of their climbing and maneuvering abilities.

In addition to their scaled skin, geckos possess a specialized tail structure. Unlike other lizards, geckos have a prehensile tail, which means it can be used for grasping and hanging on to various objects. This unique adaptation allows geckos to navigate and move with agility in their environments. In some species, the tail can even serve as a temporary storage for fat reserves, providing them with a source of energy during periods of food scarcity. The combination of scaled skin and a specialized tail sets geckos apart from other lizards, giving them remarkable abilities and characteristics that contribute to their success in diverse habitats across the world.

3. Are there any specific species of geckos that are particularly rare or endangered?

Yes, there are several species of geckos that are particularly rare or endangered. One of them is the Borneo earless monitor gecko (Luperosaurus browni), which is critically endangered. It is found only in a small area of Borneo and is threatened by habitat loss and illegal collection for the pet trade. Another example is the Mauritius ornate day gecko (Phelsuma ornata), which is endemic to the island of Mauritius and classified as endangered due to habitat destruction and the introduction of invasive species.

Similarly, the Warty big-eyed gecko (Rhacodactylus trachycephalus) is a rare species found on New Caledonia. This gecko is critically endangered due to habitat degradation caused by mining activities and predation from introduced species. These are just a few examples of gecko species that are facing significant threats in their natural habitats and require conservation efforts to ensure their survival.

4. Can geckos regenerate their tails like some other lizard species?

Yes, geckos have the remarkable ability to regenerate their tails, similar to some other lizard species. This process, known as autotomy, allows geckos to intentionally detach their tails when threatened by predators and then grow a new one. The regenerated tail might not be an exact replica of the original, but it serves as a functional replacement. This unique adaptation helps geckos escape from potential dangers and survive in their environment.

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